Essay on pros and cons of nuclear power

There are many different methods of energy production and consumption. Using the cheap, abundant and clean energy sources for generating the electricity is the basic idea of production. Electrical energy is generated from different kinds of power plants. These plants can be put into three groups; hydroelectric power plants, thermal power plants and nuclear power plants. Hydroelectric power plants are used the potential energy of water Nuclear fission is done in a power plant by fission reactors that split the atoms; this process is used to produce the steam that is needed to make the turbines move in order to create electricity.

A nuclear power plant is a steam driven plant where the source of the energy comes from a nuclear reactor.

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A nuclear reactor is where the process of fission takes place and is where the energy is produced. The core is the fissionable material The exploration and science of nuclear energy including: atomic radiation, nuclear fission, and atomic change was being experimented with starting in to Between and , most of the focus of nuclear energy was being put forth towards the nuclear bomb. Following nuclear bomb research, in most efforts were put forth to discovering how to harness this nuclear energy and be able to contain and control for making electricity but also using it for naval advances Term Papers words 4.

Pros and Cons of Nuclear Power

Essay Preview. Read Full Essay Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Need Writing Help? The Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy Essay - Imagine having a city thriving on reliable power and suddenly having it get destroyed, both the city and power source. Pros and Cons of Renewable Energy Essay - Introduction Many countries worldwide have put much effort in promoting renewable energy.

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Uranium, water pollution, waste, leaks, and reaction failures. Uranium is used in the process of fission because it's a naturally unstable element. This means that special precautions as described by the National Academies Press must be taken during the mining, transporting and storing of the uranium, as well as the storing of any waste product to prevent it from giving off harmful levels of radiation. In PWRs, steam is produced indirectly by running cold water through primary pipes and the secondary pipes remove the heated water away, so the coolant is not in contact with the reactor.

In BWRs, steam is produced directly as the water runs through the reactor core, so if there is any leakage of fuel, the water can get contaminated and is transported to the rest of system. The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission US NRC explains used nuclear rods are immersed in water in the spent fuel pool under 20 feet of water, to cool them before they can be transported for disposal.

Radio-active water can leak out of doors in the pool when the seals that keep the doors airtight malfunction as was witnessed in the Japanese Fukushima nuclear plant disaster.

Nuclear Information and Resource Service NIRS summarizes how pollutants released by nuclear plants are heavy metals and toxic pollutants that harm plant and animal life in aquatic bodies. Water is released into the atmosphere after being cooled but is still warm and damages the ecosystem of the sinks it flows into. When the uranium has finished splitting, the resulting radioactive byproducts need to be removed. The NEI highlights steps for the recycling efforts of this waste product that have been undertaken in recent years, and how the storage of the by-product that could lead to contamination through leaks or containment failures can be avoided.

Nuclear reactors are built with several safety systems designed to contain the radiation given off in the fission process. When these safety systems are properly installed and maintained, they function adequately. When they are not maintained, have structural flaws or were improperly installed, a nuclear reactor could release harmful amounts of radiation into the environment during the process of regular use.

What is nuclear energy?

If a containment field were to rupture suddenly, the resulting leak of radiation could be catastrophic. High risks: Despite a generally high security standard, accidents can still happen. A small probability of failure will always last. The consequences of an accident would be absolutely devastating both for human being as for the nature see here , here or here.

The more nuclear power plants and nuclear waste storage shelters are built, the higher is the probability of a disastrous failure somewhere in the world.

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    During the operation of nuclear power plants, radioactive waste is produced, which in turn can be used for the production of nuclear weapons. In addition, the same know-how used to design nuclear power plants can to a certain extent be used to build nuclear weapons nuclear proliferation. The energy source for nuclear energy is Uranium.

    Pros and cons of nuclear power essay | Kasırga

    Uranium is a scarce resource, its supply is estimated to last only for the next 30 to 60 years depending on the actual demand. The time frame needed for formalities, planning and building of a new nuclear power generation plant is in the range of 20 to 30 years in the western democracies.

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    • In other words: It is an illusion to build new nuclear power plants in a short time. Sustainability: Is nuclear energy sustainable?

      Advantages of nuclear energy

      It flagrantly contradicts with the thoughts of sustainability if future generations have to deal with dangerous waste generated from preceding generations. See also here. Uranium, the source of energy for nuclear power, is available on earth only in limited quantities. This again contradicts the principle of sustainability.